Water-borne diseases are one of the major preventable disasters which result in many deaths world over. Major water-borne calamities are caused due to contamination by pathogenic microbes which cause cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, etc. Also, other non-infectious contaminants like metals, pesticides, volatile organic compounds, etc. deposit in the human body and cause serious long-term defects including cancer. Though most of the potable water supplied is essentially treated, chances of contamination still prevails from various modes, like the water transport medium, storage facility time-period, natural disasters, etc.
Water apart from being used for consumption, also plays a vital role in many manufacturing units, industries and establishments. The quality of water used will definitely affect the grade of the final product, and hence testing for the quality of this essential unit becomes imperative. This initial testing will go a long way in ensuring quality of the final product, prevention from health risks, etc.